ontology how it looks like

lineage focused vs organism focused

unit of selection as not being the genes but interacttion of org and env

if an org in its develpment it uses what is availabale to it to survive

humans build ourselves based on what’s available

what is an org or species what’s homology changes

depends on more than jst genes

not just elemnts like gnes or microbiomes across laterally

makes a differnece for how we classify things, similarity, indexed to something different

homology species, synthetic biology

we see sets in the world, and group things, marshi mackover logician lse king’s college

teams of 1 mathematician & 1 biologist NSF funded

teaching groups for teaching unis

not reductivist

synthetic biology is what makes it work, making the parts

in trad metaphysics “natural kinds” are what exist indep of us

Hasok Chang in chemistry


kinding activities of machines

alan turing in her course

u chicago press likes history of science / philosphy.. degroiters,

John Wilkins book on classification, philsophy of classification

Daniel Dennett’s Real Patterns.


Think about what you don’t want to put into

If you do mention almost everything, it’ll be a bit shallow.

this is what i’m interested in: i’ll signpost this stuff of what i don’t want to talk about.

these thing i find boring and these things i find itneresting

no need to feel like you have to do everyting

write about what interest you…

what do people need to know to say what you want to say

lots of people writing about classification these days gesticulate

mention iung literally everybody isn’t the goal. these are the poeple I need to reference to say what I want

alan turing

john wilkins philosophy of classification

kendig and john gray philosophy journal, counterfactuals, take-home message is broader.

pragmatic approach…then you’re going to be able to get knowledge from them…the assumption that something work gives them knowledge, not separable from metaphysical commitments, then some of the examples of lichens and racial classifications, epistemically justifiable categories of race based on racist assumptions because they’re already smuyggled in assumptions about the way the world works. there are ways of getting it wrong.

would not write about race…. the amount of care is overwhelming, people want to misread. letting other people say things, quamia apaya, lucious outlaw written good work. there’s a need to replicate that. citing people who have worked on these things. it’s like land acknowledgements. not try to do that.