Dr. Scott H. Hawley

Professor of Physics

Hello! I typically teach physics to audio engineering students (undergrads), and develop new software applications (often via machine learning) to help prepare them for the future. In 2017 I also started getting involved in "AI Ethics" and "Science, the Humanities and Religion" through a special grant program in Oxford, UK. I used to do computational relativity and astrophysics, but it's been a while.

E-mail: scott.hawley@belmont.edu
Links: @drscotthawley on Twitter, Mastodon, and GitHub (Code, Blog), iOS App Store

Curriculum Vitae
Dissertation ("Scalar Analogues of Compact Astrophysical Systems," UT-Austin, 2000)


Interactive Apps for Physics/Audio/Electronics Instruction
Acoustic Tool Suite

Selected Publications


“Narrative, Creativity, and Open Source in 'Back to Eden'” by S.H. Hawley, chapter in in Faithful AI: Stories of Hope from 2045, Brian Sigmon and Elias Kruger, eds., AI and Faith (July 10, 2024).

"Pictures Of MIDI: Controlled Music Generation via Graphical Prompts for Image-Based Diffusion Inpainting" by S.H. Hawley. In submission. (1 July 2024).
Website, Demo

"Individual Identification in Acoustic Recordings" by E. Knight, T. Rhinehart, D. de Zqaan, M.J. Weldy, M. Cartwright, S.H. Hawley, J.L. Larkin, D. Lesmeister, E. Bayne, and J. Kitzes, in Trends in Ecology and Evolution (April 8, 2024)

"Fast Timing-Conditioned Latent Audio Diffusion" ("The Stable Audio Paper") by Z. Evans, CJ Carr, J. Taylor, S.H. Hawley, J. Pons, ICML 2024 (ArXiv: Feb 7, 2024. ICML oral: July 23, 2024).


"Leveraging Neural Representations for Audio Manipulation" by S.H. Hawley and C.J. Steinmetz, Express Paper for AES Europe 2023, Helsinki, Finland. (May 13, 2023).
Interactive 3D Figures


"What Do Technology and Artificial Intelligence Mean Today?" by S.H. Hawley and E. Kruger, in Sociedad Tecnológica y Futuro Humano, vol. 1: Desafíos conceptuales, Héctor Velázquez Fernández, ed., Tirant Le Blanch, Santiago de Chile (Feb. 18, 2022). Book Publisher Web Page.

"Tracking Transients in Steelpan Strikes Using Surveillance Technology" by S.H. Hawley, A.C. Morrison, and G.S. Morgan. JASA Express Letters, (Feb. 16, 2022).
Web Page & Demos


"ConvNets for Counting: Object Detection of Transient Phenomena in Steelpan Drums" by S.H. Hawley and A.C. Morrison, JASA Special Issue on Machine Learning in Acoustics, Oct 4 (2021). doi:10.1121/10.0006110

"Embracing Embodied Solitude After Techno-Gnostic Failure" by S.H. Hawley, Theopolis Conversation #15, Theopolis Institute (Mar. 2021).


"Who 'Makes' The Rules? Whose Labels to Use?: Living By the Spirit in the Age of Machine Learning" by S.H. Hawley, Winner of FaithTech Institute’s 2020 Writing Contest, FaithTech (Oct 2020).

"Exploring Quality and Generalizability in Parameterized Neural Audio Effects" by W. Mitchell and S.H. Hawley, Paper 10397, Journal of the Audio Engineering Society (Oct 2020). Preprint: arXiv:2006.05584

"Synthesis of Musical Instrument Sounds: Physics-based Modeling or Machine Learning?" by S.H. Hawley, V. Chatziioannou and A. Morrison. Feature Article in Acoustics Today (Spring 2020).

"Review of The Creativity Code: Art and Innovation in the Age of AI by Marcus du Sautoy" by S.H. Hawley, Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith, 72:1, p.52 (March 2020) .


"Vibrary: A Consumer-Trainable Music Tagging Utility" by S.H. Hawley, J. Bagley, B. Porter, and D. Trayham, 147th AES Conference (Oct 16-19 2019).

"SignalTrain: Profiling Audio Compressors with Deep Neural Networks" by S.H. Hawley, B. Colburn and S.I. Mimilakis, 147th AES Conference (Oct 16-19 2019). SignalTrain Demo Page

"Theopolis Monk: Envisioning a Future of A.I. Public Service" by S.H. Hawley, Chapter 14 in The Transhumanism Handbook (Amazon), Newton Lee, ed. (Springer Nature, July 2019). (Also serialized at SuperpositionMagazine.com, e.g. Part 5 of 5)

"Challenges for an Ontology of Artificial Intelligence" by S.H. Hawley, Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith, the Journal of the American Scientific Affiliation 71, 2, 2019. (Also on arXiv:1903.03171.)


"Visualizing Sound Directivity via Smartphone Sensors" by S.H. Hawley and R.E. McClain, Jr., The Physics Teacher 56, 72 (2018). (Also on arXiv:1702.06072). "Polar Pattern Plotter" iOS app: App Store, Source Code.


Sound Fields Forever: Mapping sound fields via position-aware smartphones, by S.H. Hawley, S. Alegre and B. Yonker, 143rd AES Conference (Oct 18-21 2017).

"Online music learning: informal, formal and STEAM contexts" by C. Johnson and S.H. Hawley. International Journal for Innovations in Online Education, Begel House, July 25 (2017).

(...long hiatus during which I didn't care about publishing papers; just interested in teaching, playing music, and giving talks...)

2006 and earlier:

Citations in the CQG promo page for Numerical Relativity.

"Spin Dependence in Computational Black Hole Data" by S.H. Hawley, M.J. Vitalo and R.A. Matzner, gr-qc/0604100

"Evolutions in 3D numerical relativity using fixed mesh refinement" by E. Schnetter, S.H. Hawley and I. Hawke. Class.Quant.Grav. 21 (2004) 1465-1488 gr-qc/0310042

"Tips for implementing multigrid methods on domains with holes" by S.H. Hawley and R.A. Matzner. Class. Quant. Grav. 21 (2004) 805-822 gr-qc/0306122

"Toward Standard Testbeds in Numerical Relativity" by M. Alcubierre et al. Class. Quantum Grav. 21, 2 (2004) 589 gr-qc/0305023

"Numerical Evidence for `Multi-Scalar Stars'" by S.H. Hawley and M.W. Choptuik. Phys. Rev. D67:024010 (2003) gr-qc/0208078

"Critical Phenomena Associated with Boson Stars" by S.H. Hawley and M.W. Choptuik. In Proceedings of the 20th Texas Symposium on Relativistic Astrophysics (Dec 9-15 2000).  gr-qc/0103019.

"Boson Stars Driven to the Brink of Black Hole Formation" by S.H. Hawley and M.W. Choptuik. Phys. Rev. D62:104024 (2000).>

"The Green Line Corona and Its Relation to the Photospheric Magnetic Field" by Y.-M. Wang, N.R. Sheeley, Jr., S.H. Hawley, J.R. Kraemer,  G.E. Brueckner, R.A. Howard, C.M. Korendyke, D.J. Michels, N.E. Moulton, D.G. Socker and R. Schwenn, Astrophysical Journal 485:419-429 (1997).

"Measurements of Flow Speeds in the Corona Between 2 and 30 R" by N.R. Sheeley, Jr., Y.-M. Wang, S.H. Hawley, G.E. Brueckner, K.P. Dere, R. A. Howard, M. J. Koomen, C. M. Korendyke, D.J. Michels, S.E. Paswaters, D.G. Socker, O.C. St. Cyr, D. Wang, P.L. Lamy, A. Llebaria, R. Schwenn, G.M. Simnett, S. Plunkett and D.A. Biesecker, Astrophysical Journal 484:472-478, July 20, 1997.

"The Magnetic Nature of Coronal Holes" by Y.M. Wang, S.H. Hawley and N.R. Sheeley, Jr., Science 271:464-469 (1996)

(Slides for) Selected Talks

"OUT OF THE THE HEART, THE MOUTH SPEAKS: Modeling Generative Physical & Creative Processes," 2nd keynote address at Faith and Science Scholarship Symposium, Bethel University, St. Paul, MN, April 6, 2024

"EYES THAT SEE & EARS THAT HEAR: Detection, Filtering, & Classifying by Humans and Machines," 1st keynote address at Faith and Science Scholarship Symposium, Bethel University, St. Paul, MN, April 6, 2024

"Data, Compute, and Ethics: Navigating the Intersection of AI and Humanity," at CCCU Multi-Academic 2 Conference, March 1, 2024

"Mathemangling Audio Embeddings for Fun and (Perhaps) Profit ", Data Science Nashville, March 20, 2023.

Video: "Practical Text-Conditioned Music Sample Generation", DRMN+17, London UK (via online), Dec 20, 2022.

"Empowering Music Creators via Open-Source Machine Learning", Belmont Data Fellows Meeting, Nov 2, 2022.

"Development tools for deep learning models of acoustical signal processing", 182nd Acoustical Society of America Meeting, Denver CO, May 26, 2022.

"Curves & Categories: Machine Learning, A.I., and the Nature of Classification", Christian Study Center, Gainesville FL, March 17, 2022.

"Taming Chaos: Generative Modeling as a Foil to Human Creativity", Christian Study Center, Gainesville FL, March 17, 2022.

"Transient Oscillations in Steelpan Drums Tracked via Machine Learning", 181st Acoustical Society of America conference, Seattle WA, Dec 1, 2021.

"Did an AI Write This?: Language Modeling, Generative Models, and Putting Them to Work for You", Humanities Symposium, Belmont University, Sep. 27, 2021.

"The Joy of 3D 🎉: Visualizations for Teaching about Classification", Scholarship of Teaching & Learning Symposium, Belmont University, April 28, 2021.

"Christian Scholarship in the Service of Students", Faculty Scholarship Award Presentation, Belmont University, Mar 12, 2021.

"Learning Tunable Audio Effects via Neural Networks with Self-Attention", AES Virtual Symposium: Applications of Machine Learning in Audio, Sep 28, 2020.

"SPNet: Object Detection of Antinode Regions in Oscillating Steelpan Drums", Acoustical Society of America -- Special Session on Machine Learning for Musical Acoustics, Dec 4, 2019.

"Classification and its Discontinuities", Wheaton University, Oct 14, 2019.

"The Clear and the Thick: Teaching & Learning as an Act of Faith", New Faculty Orientation, Belmont University Aug 9, 2019

"The Imitation Scam: Faking Online Personalities via A.I. Synthesis of Language, Images, and Video", National Science Teachers Association, Belmont Chapter, March 1, 2019

"Envisioning a Future of AI Public Servants", Faith, Technology & The Future conference, Christian Transhumanist Association, Nashville TN, Aug. 25 2018.

"Challenges for an Ontology of Artificial Intelligence", Computer Science Dept, University of Bath, Aug 2 2018.

"Because Nobody Wants to Edit Drums: Building Trainable Audio Production Tools via Machine Learning", Music City Data conference, Nashville TN, June 2 2018.

"Sound Fields Forever: Mapping (3D) sound fields via position-aware smartphones", 143rd Audio Engineering Soceity Conference, Oct 21, 2017.

"Crowdsourcing the creation of an audio dataset for human and machine medical diagnosis training," S.H. Hawley, T.A. Baird, F. Baird, The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 142, 2612 (2017)

"Machine Learning Approaches for Musical and Medical Acoustics", CSM Faculty Research Seminar and MAACM Student Club Meeting, Oct 6, 2017.

"Science Teaching & Machine Learning", National Science Teachers Association (Belmont Chapter), Mar 15 2017.

"Visualizing Sound Directivity via Smartphone Sensors", 5th Joint Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America and the Japanese Acoustical Society, Honolulu, HI, Nov 28, 2016

"Smartphone Apps for Acoustics Education", CSM Research Seminar, Sept. 19, 2016

Physics with Phones (Lab Manual), Summer Science Camp for High School Students, Belmont University, June 17, 2016.

"Reflections on the Development of Interactive Learning Tools", Scholarship of Teaching and Learning Symposium, Belmont U, May 11 2016.

"Web Audio Basics", Nashville Music Programmers Meetup, March 21, 2016.

"Hearing the Still, Small Voice: STEM+AET Features of Gravitational Wave Detection", CSM Colloquium, Belmont U., March 2, 2016

"Knobility: A New Mobile App for Session Documentation", Belmont Audio Engineering Society, Nov 19 2015

"Practical Home Studio Construction in the Nashville Area" Belmont Audio Engineering Society, Nov 2014

"Bayesian Analysis for Audio Engineers", for Belmont student section of the Audio Engineering Society, Oct 10, 2014

"Fourier Transforms, Audio Engineering and the Quantum Nature of Reality" 135th Audio Engineering Socity Conference, Oct 17, 2013

Involving Undergraduates in Numerical Relativity for American Physical Society April Meeting, Apr 2 2012.

"If Einstein Only Knew: Interactions Between Spinning Black Holes" for "Mathematical Musings and Munchings", Belmont University, Nov 5 2010.

Poster on Kerr-Schild Initial Data, for APS April meeting, 2005

Review of GR Solitons, IMACS 2005, Fourth IMACS International Conference on Nonlinear Evolution Equations and Wave Phenomena: Computation and Theory, April 12, 2005. (also at powershow.com)

"(Fast) Elliptic Solves for Constrained Evolution and BBH Initial Data"(GR17 Poster)

Evolving Black Holes with Mesh Refinement, Caltech, April 18, 2003

4 Tips for Implementing Multigrid Methods on Domains with Holes, APS April Meeting, 2003

Critical Phenomena Associated with Boson Stars, AEI, November 15, 2000.


Grants & Research & Demos & Stuff

Bridging the Two Cultures of Science and the Humanities II, SCIO, Oxford, Templeton and Blankemeyer, (2017-2019)


The music I make: www.scotthawley.com


Address: Chemistry & Physics Dept
Belmont University
1900 Belmont Blvd
Nashville, TN 37212 USA
Office: Janet Ayers Academic Center (JAAC) 4008
Voice: 1-615-460-6206 
Fax: 1-615-460-5458 
Links: @drscotthawley on Twitter and GitHub (Code, Blog). iOS App Store

Why "hedges"?
Where I was a grad student and postdoc, computers were named after famous physicists.
When I moved to Belmont, I started naming computers after musicians who influenced me.